In case you don’t know, your tyres are a very vital component of your vehicle, and it should be periodically inspected to see how they’re faring. However, the effects of winter might linger in your tyres. So what can cause excessive or uneven tyre wear?
As you know, the winter potholes that always afflict roadways can cause wear and tear to your tyres. So, in case you are noticing that your vehicle’s tyres are wearing out, then they need to be changed. Many drivers’ thinks that what can cause excessive or uneven tyre wear is regular usage and age of tyres, but there are other factors that cause this problem too. This is why we would discuss some excessive or uneven tyre wear caused by faults in the car.
The Uneven Tyre Wear Meaning
An uneven or abnormal tyre wear is normally the result of a number of problems that sometimes compromises the handling of your car. Not only that, it can also affect the life and performance of your tyres, and also its safety.
One thing in your car that first gets contact with the road is your tyres. So they play a significant role in the performance and handling of your vehicle. So in order to prevent more serious issues, you need to correct excessive tyre wear as soon as possible.
How to fix uneven tyre wear?
Since you’ve known what can cause excessive or uneven tyre wear, you need to know how to resolve this type of wear. Drivers should check their owner’s manual to adjust their tyre pressure up or down as recommended by their car manufacturers. Once done, as time passes by, you will notice it helps tyres wear and prevent weak points.
Tyre wear patterns and causes
When you look closely, you will know they look basically the same. But vehicle tyres all wear in a different way from one another, even on the same vehicle. Below are the most common tyre wear patterns and causes.
This is a bit different from center and outer wear, it happens in patches and looks like a cup. It normally begins from a faulty uneven tyre wear suspension system that doesn’t regulate your vehicle’s vertical momentum properly. The only answer for scalloped tires is to keep up with your suspension system when you observe your car is getting bumpier.
Even though an over-inflated tyre can cause center wear, an under-inflated tyre will lead to outer wear on both tyre edges. This is a common practice to air down the vehicle’s tyres to get more traction. So what can cause excessive or uneven tyre wear is that driving with lower air pressure will increase the edges’ contact with the ground.
This is because the outside carries more load than a well inflated tyre. Note that to minimize the risk of having outerwear, make sure you keep up with tyre pressure inspection especially when temperatures drop.
This one is a tad less intuitive. Whenever you have poorly aligned wheels, it will cause one corner of the tread to wear out roughly, and the other side to remain smooth and seemingly untouched.
When you find wear in the middle of your tyres, it indicates an over-inflated tyre. Whenever tyre pressures are beyond manufacturer recommended size, the tyre will bulge in the middle. When this happens, it will expose the center of the tyre to the pavement, which leaves the outsides relatively unworn.
So for you to prevent center wear and quicker-than-normal tyre change, ensure you retain your tyre’s pressure within the manufacturer recommendations, and use a pressure gauge whenever you want to add air.
What can cause excessive or uneven tyre wear?
An uneven tyre wear inside edge and uneven tyre wear outside edge can be caused by the condition of your car. This is most likely to be caused by the condition of your car in the following 4 areas:
Worn suspension components
Whenever a wheel stays too much to either side when running normally, it will put maximum load on one side of the tyre, and this can result in excessive wear. Sometimes this may happen because of worn ball joints, weakened springs, or problems with other components of the suspension system.
For a tyre to have the right amount of air is very important. When a tyre is properly inflated, then it will help in improving the driving quality and handling ability of the car. However, it is possible for tyre to get damaged when it is over or under-inflated.
It is possible for lots of air pressure to distort the tread and minimize its contact with the surface, which increases the wear in the center. When there’s under-inflation, problems will occur such as improper traction, increasing rolling resistance, and hard cornering besides the tyre wear.
Steering and wheel alignment
Whenever your steering becomes off because of misaligned wheels, then uneven pressure will be applied to the tyres on your car. When this happens, it can lead to uneven and excessive wear in different areas of the tyres.
Your driving style is what can cause excessive or uneven tyre wear. Whenever you hit a kerb while you’re driving, things can be knocked out of alignment, and this will cause uneven wear. Note that sharp turns and fast-cornering can also result in excessive tyre wear. When you drive your car over a pothole, it can affect your alignment and make your tyre wear out.
At least you’ve seen what can cause excessive or uneven tyre wear, so in case you are concerned that your tyres are showing symptoms of wear, or they aren’t performing well, then you can go for tyre check at your local garage.
You need to prevent what can cause excessive or uneven tyre wear by going for regular car service. Note that a regular car service is normally considered to be every 12,000 miles or every year, whichever happens first.